Many disorders can affect the joints of the toes, causing pain and preventing the foot from functioning as it should. People of all ages can have toe problems, from inherited to acquired.
Toe deformities in adults result mainly from an imbalance of the tendons, causing them to stretch or tighten abnormally. People with abnormally long toes, flat feet, or high arches have a greater tendency to develop toe deformities. Arthritis is another major cause of discomfort and deformity. Toe deformities also can be aggravated by poorly fitting footwear, or if a fractured toe heals in a poor position.
The most common digital deformities are hammertoes, claw toes, mallet toes, bone spurs, and overlapping and underlapping toes.
Big toe injuries, known as turf toe, result from hyperextension of the big toe joint as the heel is raised [...]
Subungal Exotosis (bone spur under toenail)
Subungal exostosis is more commonly referred to as a bone spur under the toenail. This condition is generally caused by [...]
Underlapping toes usually involve the fourth and fifth toes. (A special form of underlapping toes is called congenital curly toes). [...]
Overlapping toes are characterized by one toe lying on top of an adjacent toe. The fifth toe is the most [...]
In-toeing and out-toeing occur when the feet are positioned too far inward or outward when walking. Both conditions may be [...]
Hammertoe is a deformity of the second, third, or fourth toes. In this condition, the toe is bent at the [...]
Hallux Varus is a condition in which the big toe points away from the second toe. It is a possible [...]
Hallux Rigidis (rigid big toe)
An unmovable big toe, known as Hallux Rigidus, is the most common form of arthritis in your foot. Hallux [...]
Hallux Limitus (stiff big toe joint)
Hallux Limitus is a condition that results in stiffness of the big toe joint. It is normally caused by an [...]
Claw toe is caused by nerve damage from diseases like diabetes or alcoholism, which can weaken muscles in the foot. [...]
A bunion is a bone deformity caused by an enlargement of the joint at the base and side of the [...]